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Najazdy wikingów a kryzys Kościoła anglosaskiego w IX wieku. Zarys problemu

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dc.contributor.author Zinkiewicz, Jacek
dc.date.accessioned 2023-11-20T09:20:42Z
dc.date.available 2023-11-20T09:20:42Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Analecta Cracoviensia, 2008, t. 40, s. 417-435. pl_PL
dc.identifier.issn 0209-0864
dc.identifier.uri http://repozytorium.theo-logos.pl/xmlui/handle/123456789/11659
dc.description.abstract The end of the 7th and the first half of the 8th century was a time of flowering and relatively greateness of anglo-saxon Church. Nonetheless some prominent ecclesiastics (Bede Venerable for example) caught sight of the crisis symptoms. Any attempts of more or less general reforms of the Church, which had place since the Clofesho Council (747), had been unsuccessful. Political disruption and frictions between rulers and bishops made impossible any real and constant changes. Secularised minsters were too serious sources of mundane profits for their lay masters, and that’s why they didn’t want to leave the control of this issue to the clergymen. It caused fall of discipline, morality and intelectual quality of minsters. The end of the 8th and the beginning of the 9th centuries gave another examples of unsuccessful attempts to reform the basic problems of anglo-saxon Church in the time of political confusion. There also appeared another factor, which soon radically influenced political, social, cultural and ecclesiastical situation of anglo-saxon kingdoms. Since the end of the 8th century the Viking raids era had begun. The viking menace didn’t seem very considerable at first, it happended after some time when started to be regular. In the first half of the 9th century there existed some ecclesiastical centres, still giving an example of greateness, which could have been the source of potential reform. But to do this, a social and political peace was needed, and also cooperation of two powers: lay and spiritual. An attempts of the Church reforms (or rather – minsters), initiated by archibishop Wulfred, failed, and the next had place during the reign of Alfred the Great. In the meantime the viking menace grew up. The vikings caused very serious impoverishment of the Church in Britain, and also shaked its structures. They caused a great material losses but did not start ecclesiastical crisis; a symptoms of this crisis had been seen long before the Vikings, as a result of gradual fall and because of unrealized changes suggested since the times of Bede, and especially since the Clofesho Council in 747. In this circumstances, in the moment of the highest exterior menace, there couldn’t have been a place for any contentions, and Alfred the Great kept in his hands an initiative of the general renewal and reforms, also by means of foreign clergy. pl_PL
dc.language.iso pl pl_PL
dc.publisher Wydawnictwo Naukowe Papieskiej Akademii Teologicznej w Krakowie pl_PL
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Poland *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/pl/ *
dc.subject Kościół pl_PL
dc.subject historia Kościoła pl_PL
dc.subject historia pl_PL
dc.subject Kościół anglosaski pl_PL
dc.subject wikingowie pl_PL
dc.subject najazdy wikingów pl_PL
dc.subject IX w. pl_PL
dc.subject średniowiecze pl_PL
dc.subject relacje państwo-Kościół pl_PL
dc.subject klasztory pl_PL
dc.subject kryzys Kościoła pl_PL
dc.subject kapłani pl_PL
dc.subject duchowieństwo pl_PL
dc.subject Church pl_PL
dc.subject Church history pl_PL
dc.subject history pl_PL
dc.subject Anglo-Saxon Church pl_PL
dc.subject Vikings pl_PL
dc.subject Viking invasions pl_PL
dc.subject Middle Ages pl_PL
dc.subject state-Church relations pl_PL
dc.subject monasteries pl_PL
dc.subject Church crisis pl_PL
dc.subject priesthood pl_PL
dc.subject clergy pl_PL
dc.title Najazdy wikingów a kryzys Kościoła anglosaskiego w IX wieku. Zarys problemu pl_PL
dc.title.alternative The Viking Raids and the Anglo-Saxon Church Crisis in the 9th Century pl_PL
dc.type Article pl_PL


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